Hawaiian Volcano Observatory's mission
HVO monitors the active volcanoes in Hawaii, assesses their hazards, issues warnings, and advances scientific
understanding to reduce impacts of volcanic eruptions.
New USGS Data Release - Geospatial database of the 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i May 26, 2020
The recently published "Geospatial database of the 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i" contains data used to construct semi-daily lava-flow maps during the 2018 Kīlauea eruption. The data were sourced from helicopter and Unoccupied Aircraft Systems (UAS) imagery collected by both the USGS and the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo, as well as from various satellite sources. This report supersedes the "preliminary" web map service that was operated in 2018, and which remains on ScienceBase as a legacy dataset (accessible here). The primary component of this new report is a geodatabase prepared using ArcGIS, but Esri shapefiles and Google Earth KMZs are also included.
Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park (HAVO) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Seek Community Input May 13, 2020
Public input is needed for the proposed HAVO Disaster Recovery Project following the 2018 Kīlauea eruption and summit collapse. The intent of the project is to repair and/or replace critical park infrastructure and USGS-operated facilities and equipment damaged during the 2018 eruption and summit collapse of Kīlauea volcano. Four design concepts are proposed for the project, which includes plans for the potential future use of the Uēkahuna Bluff area, a site considered sacred to many Native Hawaiians and other groups. Participate in the virtual civic engagement process here.
Information Statement on Lō‘ihi seamount earthquake swarm May 12, 2020
HVO has released a Volcano Notification Service Information Statement regarding the recent increase in earthquake activity at Lō‘ihi seamount. Lō‘ihi seamount is an active volcano on the seafloor south of Kīlauea Volcano, about 30 km (19 miles) from the shoreline of the Island of Hawai‘i. There is no indication that a submarine eruption has occurred and there are no significant hazards of concern to the Island of Hawai‘i at this time. Read the Information Statement here.
New publication - Geologic Map of the Southern Flank of Mauna Loa Volcano, Island of Hawai‘i, Hawaii April 28, 2020
From east to west, this map covers the area from Punalu‘u to Miloli‘i and, from north to south, extends from north of Pu‘u‘oke‘oke‘o to Kalae (South Point). The map encompasses 1,163 square kilometers of the southwest flank of Mauna Loa, from 7,325 ft elevation to sea level. It shows the distribution of eruptive units (flows), which are separated into 16 age groups, ranging from more than 100,000 years before present to A.D. 1950. The Geologic Map of the Southern Flank of Mauna Loa Volcano, Island of Hawai‘i, Hawaii can be viewed here. This map is part three in a series which also includes the Geologic Map of the Central-Southeast Flank of Mauna Loa Volcano, Island of Hawai‘i, Hawaii and the Geologic Map of the Northeast Flank of Mauna Loa Volcano, Island of Hawai‘i, Hawaii.
New USGS video: "Innovation at the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: 3D Printing" April 23, 2020
In this 3-minute video, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory physical science technician Frank Younger describes innovative use of 3D printing technology to manufacture parts to aid in volcano monitoring. The video can be viewed here on the USGS YouTube Channel and can be downloaded here from the USGS Multimedia Gallery.
Update on HVO operations during COVID-19 and Hawaii's Shelter-in-Place Order March 25, 2020
The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) continues to monitor Hawaiian volcanoes and earthquakes and issue regular updates of volcanic activity. Through telework and other adaptations, HVO will maintain monitoring networks and continue analysis of incoming data. Field crews will visit critical stations as needed to maintain required quality and functionality of the network. All work will follow federal government guidelines to ensure public safety and the safety of our staff. The health and safety of our communities and our employees are our highest priorities, and we continue to follow guidance from the White House, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and State and local authorities as we implement teleworking, social distancing and virtual meeting tools. Please follow our work at our website: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/observatories/hvo/
New USGS Report on Mauna Loa 1880-81 eruption March 04, 2020 "The Lava Flow that Came to Hilo—The 1880–81 Eruption of Mauna Loa Volcano, Island of Hawai‘i," a new USGS Scientific Investigations Report, is now available online. As indicated by the title, during the eruption a lava flow nearly reached Hilo Bay. The report addresses public reactions to the eruption, as well as the government response to it, including the first-known plan to divert a lava flow in Hawai‘i. Read the full report HERE.
USGS releases 2018 eruption datasets March 02, 2020
These data releases relate to three papers about Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 eruption published in the December 2019 issue of Science (Vol 366, Issue 6470):
Whole-rock and glass chemistry of lava samples collected during the 2018 Lower East Rift Zone eruption of Kīlauea: Selected results from analyses of 2018 lava samples, including sampling-site information, eruptive vent/fissure, and sampling descriptions.
New USGS video: "Sampling the water in Halemaumau – Kīlauea Volcano" December 10, 2019
USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists discuss sampling the water at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u, Kīlauea Volcano. In this 11-minute USGS video, they describe how an Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) was used in October to collect a sample of the water to investigate its source and composition. The video can be viewed here on the USGS YouTube Channel and can be downloaded here from the USGS Multimedia Gallery.
New USGS video: "Water appears in Halemaumau – Kīlauea Volcano" October 10, 2019
USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists talk about the water at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u, which first appeared in late July 2019 and continues to rise today. In this 16-minute USGS YouTube video, they address why the water appeared, how it's monitored, and its potential hazards. The video can be viewed here on the USGS YouTube Channel and can be downloaded here from the USGS Multimedia Gallery.
Water pond in Halemaumau August 21, 2019
HVO geophysicist Jim Kauahikaua discusses the water pond in Halema‘uma‘u and what it means in this 19-minute "Island Conversations" interview recently aired on Hawai‘i radio stations. He also talks about the status of both Kīlauea and Mauna Loa, neither of which is erupting. Listen to the full interview at B93/B97 or Big Island Video News, which includes a transcription.
Updated overview of Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapse June 10, 2019
A summary chronology and interesting facts about Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapse. See overview here...