January 2018 is the 9th annual "Volcano Awareness Month" on the Island of Hawai‘i. With two ongoing eruptions on Kīlauea and an inflating Mauna Loa, awareness is essential for us to live in harmony with the active volcanoes that are our island home.
During the month of January, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, in cooperation with Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai‘i County Civil Defense, and the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo will offer several programs about the volcanoes on which we live:
Lava flows from Mauna Loa volcano, on the Island of Hawai‘i, constitute a significant hazard to people and property. This report addresses those lava flow hazards, mapping 18 potential lava inundation zones on the island.
Published as USGS Scientific Investigations Map 3387, it is now available online, and includes an index map (shown here), nine inundation zone maps, and a pamphlet that provides guidance on how to interpret the maps.
This 24-minute USGS video recounts the eruptive history of Halema‘uma‘u and tells the story of Kīlauea Volcano's current summit eruption, from its start in 2008 through today. It begins with a Hawaiian chant that expresses traditional observations of an active lava lake, and describes the formation and continued growth of the summit vent and lava lake. USGS-Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists share their insights on the eruption—how they monitor the lava lake, how and why the lake level rises and falls, why explosive events occur, the connection between Kīlauea's ongoing summit and East Rift Zone eruptions, and the impacts of the summit eruption on the Island of Hawai‘i and beyond.