Pinatubo 1991

As expected, there was considerable damage to public infrastructure. Damage to infrastructure reached $142 million USD (Mercado et al., 1996) as of a month after the start of the eruption (see below table)

Infrastructure subsector/Facility Damage Cost (USD)
Transportation 42,479,054
Communication 488,179
Power and electrification 2,028,740
Water resources 57,947,617
Social infrastructure 38,629,775
Total 141,573,365

This later increased with subsequent lahars and mudflows taking out bridges and road supports culminating an additional 1 billion pesos (37 million USD) (Mercado et al., 1996).