Recommendations for a local preparedness plan (modified from FEMA, 1984)

  • Establish a network of authority under which individuals would act in an emergency.
  • Detail necessary procedures.
  • Pre-test the plan so that identified people know exactly what roles they must fulfill in case of an emergency.
  • Prepare sample emergency ordinances as well as sample proclamations that are already signed.
  • Make provisions for communicating about the emergency to the public (for example, through a local or regional emergency broadcast system).
  • Prior to an emergency, provide citizens with information on the emergency communication system so that they can interpret the warning system and emergency information properly (local radio stations are the most effective means of informing the public).
  • Have ready lists of names and locations of facilities that can provide shelter, food and medical needs along with individuals who can be on hand for emergency work.
  • Have on hand protective clothing, filter masks and air filters.
  • Plan for sheltering and feeding stranded motorists.
  • Plan for the possibility of supply lines (railroads, airports, roads) being closed and the need to request and organize delivery of needed supplies to affected areas).
  • Have substitute vehicles available for emergency use by police and other essential public personnel.
  • Make provisions for including legal counsel at all emergency sessions.