Gases & Aerosols

Information relating to the health hazards of gases and aerosols typically emitted during volcanic activity are also available from the International Volcanic Health Hazard Network (IVHHN). See Hawaii Interagency Vog Information Dashboard to learn more about volcanic gases and aerosols.

Freshly fallen ash grains commonly have surface coatings of soluble components (salts) and/or moisture. These components can make ash mildly corrosive and potentially conductive. The soluble coatings are derived from the interactions in an eruption column between ash particles and volcanic-gas aerosols, which may be composed of sulphuric and hydrochloric acid droplets with absorbed halide salts. The amount of available aerosols varies greatly between eruptions of similar size and volume.

See Also:
Case Studies > Kīlauea > Kīlauea gas