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USGS Volcano Notice - DOI-USGS-HVO-2024-06-03T08:07:47+00:00


U.S. Geological Survey
Sunday, June 2, 2024, 10:59 PM HST (Monday, June 3, 2024, 08:59 UTC)

KILAUEA (VNUM #332010)
19°25'16" N 155°17'13" W, Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Kīlauea is not erupting. Elevated rates of seismicity and ground deformation continue at Kīlauea’s summit. Increased activity began at approximately 12:00 p.m. HST on June 2, 2024, indicating that magma was moving below the surface. Rates of seismicity and deformation increased further after 5:00 p.m., prompting the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory to raise Kīlauea’s alert level/aviation color code from ADVISORY/YELLOW to WATCH/ORANGE. As of 10:30 p.m., activity has decreased slightly but remains elevated. At this time, it is not possible to say with certainty if this activity will lead to an eruption – the activity may remain below ground as an intrusion. However, an eruption in Kīlauea’s summit region within Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park is one potential outcome.

There have been approximately 250 earthquakes beneath Kīlauea’s summit region over the past eight hours. Some events have also occurred beneath the upper East Rift Zone, especially over the past two hours. The largest earthquakes included a magnitude-4.1 (M4.1) event at 9:12 p.m. and a M4.0 event at 7:07 p.m. There have been 12 events between M3 and M4, 145 events between M2 and M3, 58 events between M1 and M2, and numerous events less than M1. Most events have remained at depths of 2-3 km (1.2–1.8 miles) beneath the surface; however, several events have been located slightly shallower, at about 1.5 km (1 mile) beneath the surface. These earthquakes have been widely felt in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park and surrounding communities, and have triggered many rockfalls. Earthquake activity has been accompanied by elevated rates and changing patterns of ground deformation. 

The Volcano Alert Level/Aviation Color Code for Kīlauea remain at WATCH/ORANGE but conditions could change quickly. HVO continues to closely monitor Kīlauea for signs of increasing activity. Should volcanic activity change significantly, a new Volcanic Activity Notice will be issued. 

Rates of seismicity and ground deformation beneath the middle and lower East Rift Zone and Southwest Rift Zone remain low. Current activity is restricted to the summit region and upper East Rift Zone.   

Hazards are still present on Kīlauea and are described below. Residents and visitors should stay informed and follow County of Hawai‘i and Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park guidelines. Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park has closed the Devastation Parking Lot and Keanakākoʻi area as precaution. 

More Information:

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory is one of five volcano observatories within the U.S. Geological Survey and is responsible for monitoring volcanoes and earthquakes in Hawaiʻi and American Samoa.



Subscribe to these messages: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vns2/
Summary of volcanic hazards from eruptions: https://www.usgs.gov/observatories/hvo/hazards
Recent earthquakes in Hawaiʻi (map and list): https://www.usgs.gov/observatories/hvo
Explanation of Volcano Alert Levels and Aviation Color Codes: https://www.usgs.gov/programs/VHP/volcanic-alert-levels-characterize-conditions-us-volcanoes