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USGS Volcano Notice - DOI-USGS-HVO-2024-04-16T20:55:11+00:00


U.S. Geological Survey
Tuesday, April 16, 2024, 11:13 AM HST (Tuesday, April 16, 2024, 21:13 UTC)

KILAUEA (VNUM #332010)
19°25'16" N 155°17'13" W, Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Activity Summary:  Kīlauea volcano is not erupting. Rates of seismic activity increased beneath the summit over the past week. Seismicity coupled with low rates of deformation indicate some magma continues to accumulate beneath the summit and south caldera region and also beneath the lower Southwest Rift Zone. There are currently no signs of imminent eruption, but HVO continues to monitor activity at Kilauea volcano closely.  

Summit Observations:  Rates of seismic activity beneath Kīlauea summit doubled over the past week. While the total number of detected events remains relatively low, brief sequences of elevated activity have occurred several times over the past week. Regions of elevated activity beneath Kīlauea summit include a sequence of deeper earthquakes (~8 mi below surface) beneath Kīlauea’s summit, and shallow earthquake activity (~1.5 mi below surface) within the volcano’s south caldera region. Magnitudes for these events are typically low (at or below M1+, sometimes too small to detect). Ground deformation continues to indicate low rates of long-term inflation across Kīlauea’s summit.  

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas emissions have remained at low, noneruptive levels since October 2023. An SO2 emission rate of approximately 96 tonnes per day was recorded on April 8. 

Rift Zone Observations:  Low levels of seismicity continue beneath Koa’e fault zone and into the lower Southwest Rift Zone. Ground deformation, recorded by GPS instruments, shows on-going deformation across this region, a sign that magma continues to migrate downrift.  No unusual activity has been noted along the East Rift Zone. We continue to closely monitor both rift zones. 

Measurements from continuous gas monitoring stations downwind of Puʻuʻōʻō in the middle East Rift Zone—the site of 1983–2018 eruptive activity—remain below detection limits for SO2, indicating that SO2 emissions Puʻuʻōʻō are negligible. 

Prognosis: Kīlauea’s magma system continues to recharge following the intrusion in late January and early February. The number of earthquakes beneath Kīlauea's summit has slowly increased over the past month over intermittently elevated periods, some of which consist of earthquakes too small to detect or long-period events typical of fluid movement. While the number of earthquakes along the Koaʻe fault system and Soutwest Rift Zone remains low, ground deformation patterns indicate that magma continues to be supplied to this region in the vicinity of the recent intrusion (more information on that event can be found here: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/hans-public/notice/DOI-USGS-HVO-2024-02-09T05:11:03+00:00. Currently, this activity as a whole remains relatively low and HVO will continue to issue weekly updates on Tuesdays for Kīlauea. If activity continues to increase more consistently, HVO will begin issuing daily updates for Kīlauea. 

Hazard Analysis:  Levels of volcanic gases (sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide) can remain locally hazardous even when Kīlauea is not erupting. Local concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and/or hydrogen sulfide (H2S) may persist in downwind areas, and residents may notice odors of these gases occasionally. Significant hazards also remain around Halemaʻumaʻu from crater wall instability, ground cracking, and rockfalls that can be enhanced by earthquakes within the area closed to the public. For discussion of Kīlauea hazards, please see: https://www.usgs.gov/observatories/hawaiian-volcano-observatory/hazards.


Please see the Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park website for visitor information: https://www.nps.gov/havo/index.htm.


The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) continues to closely monitor Kīlauea Volcano. 


Next Notice:  HVO will issue weekly Kīlauea updates on Tuesdays until further notice. Additional messages will be issued as needed. 

More Information:
Kīlauea activity summary also available by phone: (808) 967-8862
Kīlauea webcam images: https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/webcams
Kīlauea photos/video: https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/photo-video-chronology
Kīlauea lava-flow maps: https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/maps
Kīlauea FAQs: https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/faqs

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory is one of five volcano observatories within the U.S. Geological Survey and is responsible for monitoring volcanoes and earthquakes in Hawaiʻi and American Samoa.



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