Partners of this web site
Volcanic Ash: Effects & Mitigation Strategies
(Do you have material to contribute to this Web site? Follow
The idea for this web site developed in parallel by two groups who decided
to combine their efforts.
In 2000 the late Dr. Richard V. Fisher, scientist emeritus of University of
California Santa Barbara, approached USGS volcanologists to explore what he
could do to help prepare volcano-hazard educational material for the benefit
of people having to deal with active and erupting volcanoes. Volcanic ash typically
covers a much larger area and disrupts the lives of far more people than the
other more lethal types of volcano hazards, but information about ash and what
to do with it is not readily available. With Dr. Fisher's extensive experience
and interest in pyroclastic rocks, he enthusiastically agreed to begin work
on a web site about volcanic ash. By creating an online resource about the known
effects of volcanic ash and summarizing how people have dealt with the tiny
abrasive rock particles during and after recent eruptions, Dr. Fisher and the
partners listed below hope people can learn to prepare and protect themselves
from future volcanic ash fall.
a separate development the experience from the1995-1996 Ruapehu (New Zealand)
eruptions by Dr. David Johnston and Dr. Bruce Houghton of the Institute of Geological
& Nuclear Sciences highlighted the need for real-time information on the
consequences of volcano hazards. Such information often blends volcanology with
input from engineering, medical, plant, animal, and material sciences and often
cannot be found readily in any single institution or reference. This information
needs to be available in a format that meets the needs of a variety of end-users
and structured in a fashion that permits rapid access to all the information
required by each end-user sector. From this perspective, work was begun to provide
information about volcanic ash through this web site.
The initial material for this Web site was designed by Jennifer Adleman and
Steven Brantley of the U.S. Geological Survey, David Johnston of the Institute
of Geological & Nuclear Sciences Limited, New Zealand, Richard Fisher, University
of California Santa Barbara and Bruce Houghton, University of Hawai`i, Manoa.
University of Hawai`i in Manoa, School of Ocean and Earth Science
and Technology (SOEST)
Principal contact: Bruce Houghton (email@example.com)
International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the
Cities on Volcanoes Commission: Commission leader: David Johnston
It is our hope that new information can be added to this Web site based
on the contributions from people that have experienced ash fall and documented
well the effects of ash and steps taken to remove ash and reduce the effects
of ash on equipment, vehicles, utilities, and various economic activities.
If you would like to contribute new material to this Web site, first please
contact Steve Brantley, U.S. Geological Survey, firstname.lastname@example.org.