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 Mammoth Mountain
Photo of Mammoth Mountain on the southwest rim of Long Valley Caldera.

Quick Facts

Mammoth Mountain, a lava-dome complex, lies on the southwest topographic rim of Long Valley Caldera. The 3,369-m (11,053 ft) high volcano lies west of the structural rim of the caldera and is considered to represent a magmatic system distinct from Long Valley Caldera and the Mono-Inyo Craters. Eruptions at Mammoth Mountain occurred from 100,000 ot 50,000 years ago. Mammoth Mountain is surrounded by at least 35 mafic vents that are part of the same magmatic system and include Red Cones, two closely spaced basaltic cinder cones located southwest of Mammoth Mountain and southeast of Devils Postpile National Monument. The cones, whose name derives from colorful mantling scoria deposits, are unglaciated and were radiocarbon dated at about 8,000 years ago. Phreatic eruptions, distinct from those at South Inyo Craters, took place about 700 years ago from vents on the north side of Mammoth Mountain. Recent volcanic unrest, including seismicity, gas emission, and tree kill, is thought to be related to a dike intrusion beneath Mammoth Mountain in 1989. Both Long Valley Caldera and Mammoth Mountain have experienced episodes of heightened unrest over the last few decades (earthquakes, ground uplift, and/or volcanic gas emissions). As a result, the USGS manages a dense array of field sensors providing the real-time data needed to track unrest and assess hazards.
Location: California, Mono County
Latitude: 37.631° N
Longitude: 119.032° W
Elevation: 3,369 (m) 11,053 (f)
Volcano type: lava domes
Composition: trachydacite
Most recent eruption: 700 years ago (phreatic)
Nearby towns: Mammoth Lakes
Threat Potential: Moderate *