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Yellowstone Volcano Observatory Scientific Articles

Scientific Articles

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Andrews, J.E., Riding, R., and Fouke, B.W., 2001, Depositional facies and aqueous-solid geochemistry of travertine-depositing hot springs (Angel Terrace, Mammoth Hot Springs, Yellowstone National Park, U.S.A.); discussion and reply: Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. 71, p. 496-497.

Arnet, F., Kahle, H.G., Klingelé, E., Smith, R.B., Meertens, C.M., and Dzurisin, D., 1997, Temporal gravity and height changes of Yellowstone caldera, 1977-1994: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 24 , n. 22 , p. 2741-2744.

Baker, M.R., Braile, L.W., and Smith, R.B., 1982, Amplitude normalization of seismograms from multiple seismograph recording systems for the Yellowstone Snake River Plain seismic profiling experiment: Crustal structure of the eastern Snake River Plain: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 84, p. 2597-2610.

Ball, J.W., McCleskey, R.B., Nordstrom, D.K., Holloway, J.M., and Verplanck, P.L., 2002, Water-Chemistry Data for Selected Springs, Geysers, and Streams in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, 1999-2000: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-382, 112 p.

Ball, J.W., Nordstrom, D.K., Cunningham, K.M., Schoonen, M.A., Xu, Yong, and DeMonge, J.M., 1998, Water-chemistry and on-site sulfur-speciation data for selected springs in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, 1994-1995: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-574, 35 p.    [Revised and reprinted, April 2001]

Ball, J.W., Nordstrom, D.K., Jenne, E.A., and Vivit, D.V., 1998, Chemical analyses of hot springs, pools, geysers, and surface waters from Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, and vicinity, 1974-1975: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-182, 45 p.

Ball, J.W., Nordstrom, D.K., McCleskey, R.B., Schoonen, M.A., Xu, Y., 2001, Water-chemistry and on-site sulfur-speciation data for selected springs in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, 1996-1998: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 01-49.

Bargar, K.E., 1978, Geology and thermal history of Mammoth Hot Springs, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1444, 55 p.

Bargar, K.E. and Beeson, M H., 1980,  Hydrothermal alteration in Yellowstone geyser basins: U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1175, 59 p.

Bargar, K.E. and Beeson, M.H., 1981, Hydrothermal alteration in research drill hole Y-2, Lower Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: American Mineralogist, v. 66, p. 473-490.

Bargar, K.E. and Beeson, M.H., 1984a, Hydrothermal mineralogy of research drill Hole Y-3, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council, v. 8, p. 111-117.  

Bargar, K.E. and Beeson, M.H., 1984b, Hydrothermal alteration in research drill hole Y-6, upper Firehole River, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1054-B, 24 p.

Bargar, K.E. and Beeson, M.H., 1985, Hydrothermal alteration in research drill hole Y-3, Lower Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, Report: P 1054-C, 1-23.

Bargar, K.E. and Dzurisin, D., 1986, Bibliography and brief history of studies by the U.S. Geological Survey in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, Idaho and Montana; 1965-1986: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-573, 27 p.

Bargar, K.E. and Fournier, R.O., 1988, Effects of glacial ice on subsurface temperatures of hydrothermal systems in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming; fluid-inclusion evidence: Geology, v. 16, p. 1077-1080.

Bargar, K.E. and Fournier, R.O., 1991, Moving particles (bacteria?) in fluid inclusions from Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-489.

Bargar, K.E., Fournier, R.O., and Theodore, T.G.,1985, Particles in fluid inclusions from Yellowstone National Park--bacteria?: Geology, v. 13, p. 483-486.

Bargar, K.E. and Muffler, L.J.P., 1982, Hydrothermal alteration in research drill hole Y-11 from a vapor-dominated geothermal system at Mud Volcano, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: Guidebook - Wyoming Geological Association, v. 33, p. 139-152.

Beeson, M.H. and Bargar, K.E., 1984, Major and trace element analyses of drill cores from thermal areas in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-373, 40 p.

Benz, H. and Smith, R.B., 1984, Simultaneous inversion for lateral velocity variations and hypocenters in the Yellowstone region using earthquake and refraction data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 89, p. 1208-1220.

Bergfeld, D., Lowenstern, J.B., Hunt, A.G., Shanks, W.C.P,, III, and Evans, W.C., 2011, Gas and isotope chemistry of thermal features in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5012, 26 p. and data files.

Bergfeld, Evans, W.C., Lowenstern, J.B., Hurwitz, S., 2011, Carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide degassing and cryptic thermal input to Brimstone Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: Chemical Geology, v. 330-331, p.233-243.

Boyd, F. B., 1961, Welded Tuffs and Flows in the Rhyolite Plateau of > Yellowstone Park, Wyoming, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, v. 72, no. 3, pp. 387-426.

Braile, L.W., Smith, R.B., Ansorge, J., Baker, M.R., Sparlin, M.A., Prodehl, C., Schilly, M.M., Healy, J.H., Mueller, S., and Olsen, K. H., 1982, The Yellowstone Snake River Plain seismic profiling experiment: Crustal structure of the eastern Snake River Plain: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 84, p. 2597-2610.

Braunstein, D. and Lowe, D.R., 2001, Relationship between spring and geyser activity and the deposition and morphology of high temperature (>73°C) siliceous sinter, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, USA: Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. 71, p. 747-763.

Carle, S.F., Glen, J.M., Langenheim, V.E., Smith, R.B., and Oliver, H.W., 1991, Isostatic gravity map and principal facts for 694 gravity stations in Yellowstone National Park and vicinity, Wyoming, Montana and Idaho, 1 Over-sized sheet, scale 1:125,000 map, and 1 5 1/4 inch diskette: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 90-649A and B.

Chang, W., R.B. Smith, C. Wicks, C. Puskas, and J. Farrell, 2007, Accelerated uplift and source models of the Yellowstone caldera, 2004-2006, From GPS and InSAR observations, Science 9 November 2007: Vol. 318. no. 5852, pp. 952 - 956 DOI: 10.1126/science.1146842.

Chang, W.-L., Smith, R.B., Farrell, J., and Puskas, C.M., 2010, An extraordinary episode of Yellowstone caldera uplift, 2004-2010, from GPS and InSAR observations: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 37, L23302, doi:10.1029/2010GL045451.

Chiodini, G., Caliro, S., Lowenstern, J.B., Evans, W.C., Bergfeld, D., Tassi, F., Tedesco, D., 2012, Insights from fumarole gas geochemistry on the origin of hydrothermal fluids on the Yellowstone Plateau: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 89, p. 265-278.

Christiansen, R.L., 1968, A distinction between bedrock and unconsolidated deposits on 3-5u infrared imagery of the Yellowstone rhyolite plateau: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 68-34, 5 p.

Christiansen, R.L., 1982, Late Cenozoic volcanism of the Island Park area, eastern Idaho, in Bonnichsen, B., and Breckenridge, R.M., eds., Cenozoic geology of Idaho: Idaho Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 26, p. 345-368.

Christiansen, R.L., 1984, "Yellowstone magmatic evolution: Its bearing on understanding large-volume explosive volcanism." Explosive Volcanism, Its Inception, Evolution and Hazards, Washington, D.C., National Academy of Sciences, p. 84-95.

Christiansen, R.L., 2001, The Quaternary and Pliocene Yellowstone Plateau volcanic field of Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper: 729-G, 145 p., 3 plates, scale 1:125,000.

Christiansen, R.L. and Blank, H.R., Jr., 1972, Volcanic stratigraphy of the Quaternary rhyolite plateau in Yellowstone National Park: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 729-B, 18 p.

Christiansen, R.L. and Embree, G.F., 1987, Island Park, Idaho; Transition from rhyolites of the Yellowstone Plateau to basalts of the Snake River Plain: Boulder, Colo., Geological Society of America, Centennial Guidebook Series, Rocky Mountain Section, p. 103-108.

Christiansen, R.L. and Hutchinson, R.A., 1987, Rhyolite-basalt volcanism of the Yellowstone Plateau and hydrothermal activity of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: Geological Society of America Centennial Field Guide, v. 2, p. 165-172.

Christiansen, R.L., Lowenstern, J.B., Smith, R.B., Heasler, H., Morgan, L.A., Nathenson, M., Mastin, L.G., Muffler, L.J.P., and Robinson, J.E., 2007, Preliminary Assessment of Volcanic and Hydrothermal Hazards in Yellowstone National Park and Vicinity: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1071.

Chu, R., D. V. Helmberger, D. Sun, J. M. Jackson, and L. Zhu (2010), Mushy magma beneath Yellowstone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L01306, doi:10.1029/2009GL041656.

Clark, J.F. and Turekian, K.K., 1990, Time scale of hydrothermal water-rock reactions in Yellowstone National Park based on radium isotopes and radon: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 40, p. 169-180.

Clawson, S.R., Smith, R.B., and Benz, H.M., 1989, P-wave attenuation of the Yellowstone caldera from three-dimensional inversion of spectral decay using explosion source seismic data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, p. 7205-7222.

Clifton, C.G., Walters, C.C. and Simoneit, B.R.T., 1990, Hydrothermal petroleums from Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, U.S.A.: Applied Geochemistry, v. 5, p. 169-191.

Clor, L.E., Lowenstern, J.B., and Heasler, H.P., 2007, Systematics of water temperature and flow at Tantalus Creek during calendar year 2005, Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5234, 17 p. [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5234/].

Clor, L.E., McCleskey, R.B., Huebner, M.A., Lowenstern, J.B., Heasler, H.P., Mahony, D.L., Moloney, Tim, and Evans, W.C., 2012, Water chemistry and electrical conductivity database for rivers in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 632, 18 p. and data tables, available at [http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/632/].

Cox, E.R., 1969, Results of water-resources investigations through 1968 in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 69-60, 87 p.

Cox, E.R., 1973b, Water resources of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 73-53, 161 p.

Dawson, P. B., Benítez, M.C., Lowenstern, J.B., and Chouet, B.A. (2012), Identifying bubble collapse in a hydrothermal system using hidden Markov models: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 39, L01304, doi:10.1029/2011GL049901

Denasquo, K.R., R.B. Smith and A. R. Lowry, 2009, Density and lithospheric strength models of the Yellowstone-Snake River Plain volcanic system from gravity and heat flow data, J. Vol. Geotherm. Res, 188, 108-127 (see http://www.uusatrg.utah.edu/ for more information and a pdf).

Dzurisin, D., Christiansen, R.L., and Pierce, K.L., 1995, Yellowstone; restless volcanic giant: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-59, 2p.

Dzurisin, D., Wicks, C.J., Jr., and Thatcher, W., 1999, Renewed uplift at the Yellowstone caldera measured by leveling surveys and satellite radar interferometry: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 61, p. 349-355.

Dzurisin, D., Yamashita, K.M., and Kleinman, J.W., 1994, Mechanisms of crustal uplift and subsidence at the Yellowstone caldera, Wyoming: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 56, p. 261-270.

Eaton, G.P., Christiansen, R.L., Iyer, H.M., Pitt, A.M., Blank, H.R., Jr., Zietz, I., Mabey, D.R., and Gettings, M.E., 1975, Magma beneath Yellowstone National Park: Science, v. 188, p. 787-796.

Estep, M.L.F., 1984, Carbon and hydrogen isotopic compositions of algae and bacteria from hydrothermal environments, Yellowstone National Park: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 48, v. 591-599.

Evans, W.C., Bergfeld, D., van Soest, M.C., Huebner, M.A., Fitzpatrick, J., and Revesz, K.M., 2006, Geochemistry of low-temperature springs northwest of Yellowstone caldera: Seeking the link between seismicity, deformation, and fluid flow. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 154, p. 169-180.

Evans W.C., Bergfeld, D., McGeehin, J.P., King J.C., and Heasler, H., 2010, Tree-ring 14C links seismic swarm to CO2 spike at Yellowstone, USA, Geology v.38, p.1075-1078.

Farrell, J. M., S. Husen, and R.B. Smith, 2009, Earthquake swarm identification and b-value mapping of the Yellowstone volcanic-tectonic system, J. Vol. Geotherm. Res, 188, 260-276 (see http://www.uusatrg.utah.edu/ for more information and a pdf).

Farrell, J., Smith, R.B., Taira, T., Chang, W.-L., and Puskas, C.M., 2010, Dynamics and rapid migration of the energetic 2008-2009 Yellowstone Lake earthquake swarm: Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 37, L19305, doi:10.1029/2010GL044605.

Farrell, J., R. B. Smith, S. Husen, and T. Diehl, 2014, Tomography from 26 years of seismicity revealing that the spatial extent of the Yellowstone crustal magma reservoir extends well beyond the Yellowstone caldera: Geophysical Research Letters, 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL059588.

Fenner, C.N., Keith, T.E.C., White, D.E., and Beeson, M.H., 1978, Hydrothermal alteration in Carnegie I Drill Hole, Upper Geyser Basin, Yellowstone Park: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1100, 196 pp.

Finn, C.A. and Morgan, L.A., 2002, High-resolution aeromagnetic survey of volcanic terrain, Yellowstone National Park: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 115, p. 207-231.

Fouke, B.W., Farmer, J.D., Des Marais, D.J., Pratt, L., Sturchio, N.C., Burns, P.C., and Discipulo, M.K., 2000, Depositional facies and aqueous-solid geochemistry of travertine-depositing hot springs (Angel Terrace, Mammoth Hot Springs, Yellowstone National Park, U.S.A.): Journal of Sedimentary Research,v.  70, p. 565-585.

Fournier, R.O., 1969, Old Faithful: A physical model: Science, v. 163, p. 304-305.

Fournier, R.O., 1988, Hydrothermal activity in relation to late-Holocene dynamics in the Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming, in Flug, M. editor, Proceedings of the Conference on Science in the National Parks 1986, Physical Processes and Water Resources, v. 3, p. 92-107.

Fournier, R.O., 1989, Geochemistry and dynamics of the Yellowstone National Park hydrothermal system: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, v. 17, p. 13-53.

Fournier, R.O., 1999, Hydrothermal processes related to movement of fluid from plastic into brittle rock in the magmatic-epithermal environment: Economic Geolology, v. 94, p. 1193-1212.

Fournier, R.O., Blackwell, D.D., Christiansen, R.L., Eaton, G.P., Goff, F.E., Hermance, J.F., Hermann, R., Reynolds, J.H., Smith, R.B., Varley, J.D., and Wollenburg, H.A., 1987, The objectives for deep scientific drilling in Yellowstone National Park: A report by the Yellowstone National Park Task Group to the Continental Scientific Drilling Committee, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 69 p.

Fournier, R.O., Christiansen, R.L., Hutchinson, R.A., and Pierce, K.L., 1994, A field-trip guide to Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho-Volcanic, hydrothermal, and glacial activity in the region: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2099, 46 p.

Fournier, R.O., Kennedy, B.M., Aoki, M., and Thompson, J.M., 1994, Correlation of gold in siliceous sinters with 3He/4He in hot spring waters of Yellowstone National Park: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58, p. 5401-5419.

Fournier, R.O., and Morgenstern, J.C., 1971, A device for collecting down-hole water and gas samples in geothermal wells, in Geological Survey Research 1971: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 750-C, p. C151-C155.

Fournier, R.O. and Pitt, A.M., 1985, The Yellowstone magmatic-hydrothermal system, U.S.A.: Geothermal Resources Council 1985 International Symposium on Geothermal Energy, p. 319-327.

Fournier, R.O., Thompson, J.M., Cunningham, C.G., and Hutchinson, R., 1991, Conditions leading to a recent small hydrothermal explosion at Yellowstone National Park: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 103, p. 1114-1120.

Fournier, R.O., Thompson, J.M., and Hutchinson, R.A., 1992, The geochemistry of hot spring waters at Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, USA, in Kharaka, Y.K. and Maest, A.S., eds.: Proceedings, 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Park City, Utah, p. 1289-1292.

Fournier, R.O., Thompson, J.M., and Hutchinson, R.A., 1994, The geochemistry of hot spring waters at Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park: Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council, v. 18, p. 177-179.

Fournier, R.O., Weltman, U., Counce, D., White, L.D., and Janik, C.J., 2002, Results of weekly chemical and isotopic monitoring of selected springs in Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park during June-September, 1995: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-344, 50 p.

Fournier, R.O., White, D.E., and Truesdell, A.H., 1976, Convective heat flow in Yellowstone National Park, in Proceedings of the 2nd U.N. Symposium on the Development and Use of Geothermal Resources, San Francisco, p. 731-739.

Friedman, I., 1994, Effect of potential geothermal development on the thermal features of Yellowstone National Park; Part 1, Perspective 3; Possible effect of nearby geothermal development on Yellowstone National Park: GSA Today, v. 4, p. 297-299.

Friedman, I., 1995, Effects of potential geothermal development on the thermal features of Yellowstone National Park; Part 2, Perspective 5, Rebuttal to Sorey et al.: GSA Today, v. 5, p. 21.

Friedman, I. and Norton, D.R., 1981, Ground temperatures in and near Yellowstone National Park: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1203, 39 p.

Friedman, I., Norton, D.R., and Hutchinson, R.A., 1988, Monitoring of thermal activity in Southwest Yellowstone National Park: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 88-0532, 23 pp.

Friedman, I. and Norton, D.R., 1990, Anomalous chloride flux discharges from Yellowstone National Park: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 42, p. 225-234. 

Friedman, I., Norton, D.R., and Hutchinson, R.A., 1993, Monitoring of thermal activity in southwestern Yellowstone National Park and vicinity, 1980-1993: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2067, 19 pp.

Friedman, I. and Norton, D.R., 2000, Data used for calculating chloride flux out of Yellowstone National Park for the water years 1983-1999, Open-File Report - U. S. Geological Survey, Report: OF 00-0194, 48 pp.

Gooch, F.A. and Whitfield, J.E., 1888, Analyses of waters of the Yellowstone National Park, with an account of the methods of analysis employed: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 47, 84 p.

Gunter, B.D., 1973, Aqueous phase-gaseous phase material balance studies of argon and nitrogen in hydrothermal features at Yellowstone National Park: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 37, p. 495-511.

Gunter, B.D. and Musgrave, B.C., 1966, Gas chromatographic measurements of hydrothermal emanations at Yellowstone National Park: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 30, p. 1175-1189. 

Hardman, W. and Smith, R.B., 1991, Earthquake catalog for the Yellowstone National Park region: January 1, 1990 through December 31, 1990, with a contribution by R.A. Hutchinson, Summary of felt earthquakes in Yellowstone National Park, 1989, University of Utah Seismograph Stations, Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, 38 p.

Hearn, E.H., Kennedy, B.M., and Truesdell, A.H., 1990, Coupled variations in helium isotopes and fluid chemistry; Shoshone Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 54, p. 3103-3113.

Hildreth, W., Christiansen, R.L., and O'Neil, J.R., 1984, Catastrophic isotopic modification of rhyolitic magma at times of caldera subsidence, Yellowstone Plateau volcanic field: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 89, p. 8339-8369.

Hildreth, W., Halliday, A.N., and Christiansen, R.L., 1991, Isotopic and chemical evidence concerningthe genesis and contamination of basaltic and rhyolitic magma beneath the Yellowstone Plateau volcanic field:  Journal of Petrology, v. 32, p. 63-138.

Hill, D.P., Reasenberg, P.A., Michael, A., Arabasz, W.J., Beroza G., Brumbaugh D., Brune, J.N., Castro, R., Davis, S., dePolo, D., Ellsworth, W.L., Gomberg, J., Harmsen, S., House, L., Jackson, S., Johnston, M., Jones, L., Keller, R., Malone, S., Munguia, L., Nava, S, Pechmann, J, Sanford, A., Simpson, R., Smith, R.B., Stark, M., Stickney, M., Vidal, A., Walter, S., Wong, V., and Zollweg, J., 1993, Seismicity remotely triggered by the M 7.3 Landers, California, earthquake: Science, v. 260, p. 1617-1623.

Honda, S. and Muffler, L.J.P., 1970, Hydrothermal alteration in core from research drill hole Y-1, upper Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: American Mineralogist, v. 55, p. 1714-1737.

Humphreys, G., Schutz, D., Dueker, K., and Smith, R.B., 2000, Plume or no plume at Yellowstone: GSA Today, v. 10, no. 12, p.1-7.

Hurwitz, S., Eagan, S., Heasler, H., and Lowenstern, J.B.,  2007, revised 2009, River chemistry and solute flux in Yellowtone National Park, U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 278, version 3.0: http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/2007/278/

Hurwitz, S., Lowenstern, J.B., and Heasler, H., 2007, Spatial and temporal geochemical trends in the hydrothermal system of Yellowstone National Park: Inferences from river solute fluxes: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v.162, p. 149-171.

Hurwitz, S., Kumar, A., Taylor, R., and Heasler, H., 2008, Climate-induced variations of geyser periodicity in Yellowstone National Park, USA: Geology, v. 36, no. 6, 451-454.

Hurwitz, S., Evans, W.C., Lowenstern, J.B., 2010, River solute fluxes reflecting active hydrothermal chemical weathering of the Yellowstone Plateau Volcanic Field, USA: Chemical Geology, v. 276, p. 331Ð343. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.07.00.

Hurwitz, S., Hunt, A.G., Evans, W.C., 2012, Temporal Variations of Geyser Water Chemistry in the Upper Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, USA,Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 13, Q12005, doi:10.1029/2012GC004388.

Hurwitz, S., Harris, R.N., Werner, C.A., Murphy, F., 2012, Heat flow in Vapor Dominated Areas of the Yellowstone Plateau Volcanic Field: Implications for the Thermal Budget of the Yellowstone Caldera, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi:10.1029/2012JB009463

Hurwitz, S., Sohn, R.A., Luttrell, K., Manga, M., 2014, Triggering and Modulation of Geyser Eruptions in Yellowstone National Park by Earthquakes, Earth Tides, and Weather, Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 1718-1737doi: 10.1002/2013JB010803.

Husen, S., Smith, R.B., and Waite, G.P., 2004, Evidence for gas and magmatic sources beneath the Yellowstone volcanic field from seismic tomographic imaging: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 131 (3-4), p. 397-410.

Husen, S., Taylor, R., Smith, R.B., and Heasler, H., 2004, Changes in geyser behavior and remotely triggered seismicity in Yellowstone National Park produced by the 2002 M7.9 Denali fault earthquake: Geology, v. 32, no. 6, p. 537-540; doi: 10.1130/G20381.1. 

Hutchinson, R.A., 1985, Hydrothermal changes in the upper Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, after the1983 Borah Peak, Idaho, earthquake: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 85-0290-A, 612-624.

Ingebritsen, S.E., Galloway, D.L., Colvard, E.M., Sorey, M.L., and Mariner, R.H., 2001,  Time-variation of hydrothermal discharge at selected sites in the western United States: implications for monitoring: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 111, p. 1-23.

Jaworowski, C., Heasler, H.P., Hardy, C.C., and Queen, L.P., 2006, Control of Hydrothermal Fluids by Natural Fractures at Norris Geyser Basin: Yellowstone Science, v.14, no. 4, p.13-23.

Jeon, Y.S. and Hermann, R.B., 2004, High-Frequency Earthquake Ground-Motion Scaling in Utah and Yellowstone: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 94, no. 5, p. 1644-1657.

Johnson, S.Y., Stephenson, W.J., Morgan, L.A., Shanks, W.C. III, and Pierce, K.L., 2003, Hydrothermal and tectonic activity in northern Yellowstone Lake, Wyoming:  Geological Society of America Bulletin, v.115, no. 8, p. 954-971.

Karlstrom, L., Hurwitz, S., Sohn, R.A., Vandemeulebrouck, J., Murphy, F., Rudolph, M.L., Johnston, M.J.S., Manga, M., McCleskey, R.B. 2013, Eruptions at Lone Star Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, USA, Part 1: Energetics and Eruption Dynamics, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1-15, DOI: 10.1002/jgrb.50251,

Keefer, W.R., 1971, The geologic story of Yellowstone National Park: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1347, 92 p.

Keith, T.E.C. and Muffler, L.J.P., 1978, Minerals produced during cooling and hydrothermal alteration of ash flow tuff from Yellowstone drill hole Y-5: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 3, p. 373-402.

Keith, T.E.C., Thompson, J.M., and Mays, R.E., 1983, Selective concentration of cesium in analcime during hydrothermal alteration, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 47, p. 795-804.

Keith, T.E.C., White, D.E., and Beeson, M.H., 1978, Hydrothermal alteration and self-sealing in Y-7 and Y-8 drill holes in northern part of upper Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1054-A, 26 pp.

Kennedy, B.M., Reynolds, J.H., Smith, S.P., and Truesdell, A.H., 1987, Helium isotopes: Lower Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 92, iss. B12, p. 12477-12489.

Kharaka, Y.K, Sorey, M.L., and Thordsen, J.J., 2000, Large-scale hydrothermal fluid discharges in the Norris-Mammoth corridor, Yellowstone National Park, USA: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 69-70, p. 201-205.

Kharaka, Y.K., Thordsen, J. J., and White L.D., 2002,  Isotope and chemical compositions of meteoric and thermal waters and snow from the greater Yellowstone National Park Region: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-194, 75p.

Kieffer, S.W., 1984, Seismicity at Old Faithful geyser: An isolated source of geothermal noise and possible analogue of volcanic seismicity: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 22, p. 59-95.

Lageson, D.R., Adams, D.C., Morgan, L., Pierce, K.L., and Smith, R.B., 1999, Neogene-Quaternary tectonics and volcanism of the southern Jackson Hole, Wyoming and southeastern Idaho, in Hughes, S. S. and Thackrey, G. D., eds.: Guidebook to the Geology of Eastern Idaho, Pocatello, Idaho Museum of Natural History, p. 115-130.

Lehman, J.A., Smith, R.B., Schilly, M.M., and Braile, L.W., 1982, Crustal structure of the Yellowstone caldera from delay-time analyses and correlation with gravity data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 84, p. 2713-2730.

Lewis, A.J., Palmer, M.R., and Kemp, A.J., 1994, Variations of the rare earth element abundances in hydrothermal waters from the Yellowstone hydrothermal system, Wyoming, USA: Mineralogical Magazine, v. 58A, p. 525-526.

Lewis, A.J., Palmer, M.R., Sturchio, N.C., and Kemp, A.J., 1997, The rare earth element geochemistry of acid-sulphate and acid-sulphate-chloride geothermal systems from Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, USA: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 61, p. 695-706.

Lowenstern, J.B., Evans, W.C., Bergfeld, D. and Hunt, A.G., 2014, Prodigious degassing of a billion years of accumulated radiogenic helium at Yellowstone: Nature, v. 506, p. 355–358.

Lowenstern, J.B., and Hurwitz, S., 2008,  "Monitoring a Supervolcano in Repose: Heat and Volatile Flux at the Yellowstone Caldera": Elements, v. 4 (1), p. 35-40.

Lowenstern, J.B., Smith, R.B., and Hill, D.P., 2006, Monitoring Super-Volcanoes: Geophysical and Geochemical signals at Yellowstone and other caldera systems: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, v.264, no. 1845, p. 2055-2072.

Lowenstern, J. B., Bergfeld, D., Evans, W.C. and Hurwitz, S., 2011, Generation and evolution of hydrothermal fluids at Yellowstone: Insights from the Heart Lake Geyser Basin: Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 13, Q01017, doi:10.1029/2011GC003835.

Lowry, A.R. and Smith, R.B., 1995, Strength and rheology of western U.S. Cordillera: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, p. 17,947-17,964.

Lowry, A.R., Ribe, N.M., and Smith R.B., 2000, Dynamic elevation of the Cordillera, western United States: Journal of Geophysical Research, p. 23,371-23,390.

Luttrell, K., Mencin, D., Francis, O., Hurwitz, S. 2013, Constraints on the Upper Crustal Magma Reservoir Beneath Yellowstone Caldera Inferred From Lake-Seiche Induced Strain Observations, Geophysicsical Research Letters, 40, 501-506.

Marler, G.D., 1964, Effects of the Hebgen Lake earthquake of August 17, 1959, on the hot springs of the Firehole Geyser basins, Yellowstone National Park: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 0435, p. 185-197.

Massin, F., J. Farrell, and R. B. Smith, 2013, Repeating earthquakes in the Yellowstone volcanic field: implications for rupture dynamics, ground deformation, and migration in earthquake swarms: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 251, doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2013.03.022.

Mazor, E. and Fournier, R.O., 1973, More on noble gases in Yellowstone National Park hot waters: Geochimica. et Cosmochimica. Acta, v. 37, p. 515-525.

Mazor, E. and Thompson, J.M., 1982, Evolution of geothermal fluids deduced from chemistry plots; Yellowstone National Park (U.S.A.): Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 12, p. 351-360.

McCleskey, R.B., Ball, J.W., Nordstrom, D.K., Holloway, J.M., and Taylor, H.E., 2005, Water-chemistry data for selected springs, geysers, and streams in Yellowstone National Park Wyoming, 2001-2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1316, 94 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 10 MB)

McCleskey, R.B., Clor, L.E., Lowenstern, J.B., Evans, W.C., Nordstrom, D.K., 2012, Solute and geothermal flux monitoring using electrical conductivity in the Madison, Firehole and Gibbon Rivers, Yellowstone National Park: Applied Geochemistry, v. 27, p. 2370-2381.

Meertens, C.M. and Smith, R.B., 1991, Crustal deformation of the Yellowstone caldera from first GPS measurements: 1987-1989: Geophysical  Research Letters, v. 18, p. 1763- 1766.

Miller, D.S. and Smith, R.B., 1999, P and S velocity structure of the Yellowstone volcanic field from local earthquake and controlled source tomography: Journal of Geophysical Research,  v. 104, p. 15,105-15,121.

Morey, G.W., Fournier, R.O., Hemley, J.J., and Rowe, J.J., 1962, Field measurements of silica in waters from hot springs and geysers in Yellowstone National Park, in Short Papers in the Geologic and Hydrologic Sciences: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 424-C, p. 355-356.

Morgan, P., Blackwell, D.D., Spafford, R.E., and Smith, R.B., 1977, Heat flow measurements in Yellowstone Lake and the thermal structure of the Yellowstone Caldera: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 82, p. 379-3732.

Morgan, P., Blackwell, D.D., Spafford, R., and Smith, R.B., 1975, Evidence from heat flow measurements for laterally extensive geothermal fluid systems in the Yellowstone Caldera, Yellowstone National Park, Wyo.: Proceedings Second United Nations Symposium on Geothermal Energy, v. 2, p. 1155-1160.

Morgan, Lisa A., Cathey, Hennrietta E., and Pierce, Kenneth L. (editors), 2009, The Track of the Yellowstone Hot Spot: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on the Origin of the Yellowstone-Snake River Plain Volcanic Province, 21-chapter special volume of the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 188, issues 1-3, 304 pg.

Selected Papers in the JVGR Special Volume on The Track of the Yellowstone Hot Spot

  • Lisa A. Morgan, Henrietta E. Cathey, Kenneth L. Pierce, 2009, The Track of the Yellowstone Hotspot: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on the Origin of the Yellowstone-Snake River Plain Volcanic Province
  • Kenneth L. Pierce, Lisa A. Morgan, 2009, Is the track of the Yellowstone hotspot driven by a deep mantle plume? - Review of volcanism, faulting, and uplift in light of new data
  • Katrina R. DeNosaquo, Robert B. Smith, Anthony R. Lowry, 2009, Density and lithospheric strength models of the Yellowstone-Snake River Plain volcanic system from gravity and heat flow data
  • Jorge A. Vazquez, Stephanie F. Kyriazis, Mary R. Reid, Robin C. Sehler, Frank C. Ramos, 2009, Thermochemical evolution of young rhyolites at Yellowstone: Evidence for a cooling but periodically replenished postcaldera magma reservoir
  • Willis Hames, Derick Unger, James Saunders, George Kamenov, 2009, Early Yellowstone hotspot magmatism and gold metallogeny
  • Peter B. Larson, Allison Phillips, David John, Michael Cosca, Chad Pritchard, Allen Andersen, Jennifer Manion, 2009, A preliminary study of older hot spring alteration in Sevenmile Hole, Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River, Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming
  • Bonnie J. Pickering White, Robert B. Smith, Stephan Husen, Jamie M. Farrell, Ivan Wong, 2009, Seismicity and earthquake hazard analysis of the Teton-Yellowstone region, Wyoming
  • M.H. Aly, D.W. Rodgers, G.D. Thackray, S.S. Hughes, 2009, Recent magmatotectonic activity in the Eastern Snake River Plain-Island Park region revealed by SAR interferometry

Morgan, L.A., Shanks, W.C. III, Johnson, K.M., Lovalvo, D., Johnson, S.Y., Stephenson, W., Harlan, S.S., Pierce, K.L., White, E.A., Waples, J., and Klump, J.V., 2000, New Discoveries from the Floor of Yellowstone Lake: Yellowstone Science, v. 8, p 20-21.

Morgan, L.A., Shanks, W.C. III, Lovalvo, D.A., Johnson, S.Y., Stephenson, W.J., Pierce, K.L., Harlan, S.S., Finn, C.A., Lee, G., Webring, M., Schulze, B., Dühn, J., Sweeney, R., and Balistrieri, L., 2002, Exploration and Discovery in Yellowstone Lake: Results from High-Resolution Sonar Imaging, Seismic Reflection Profiling, and Submersible Studies: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 122, p. 221-242.

Morgan, L.A., Shanks, W.C. III, Lovalvo, D., Pierce, K., Lee, G., Webring, M., Stephenson, W., Johnson, S., Finn, C., Schulze, B., and Harlan, S., 2003, The Floor of Yellowstone Lake is Anything but Quiet! New Discoveries in Lake Mapping: Yellowstone Science, v. 11, no. 2, p.14-30.

Muffler, L.J.P., White, D.E., and Truesdell, A.H., 1971, Hydrothermal explosion craters in Yellowstone National Park: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 82, p. 723-740.

Muffler, L.J.P., White, D.E., Truesdell, A.H., and Fournier, R.O., 1968, Violent late Pleistocene hydrothermal explosions in Yellowstone National Park: Special Paper - Geological Society of America, pp.158.

Nava, S. J. and Smith, R.B., 1996, Earthquake catalog for the Yellowstone National Park region: January 1, 1992, to December 31, 1994, with a contribution by R. A. Hutchinson, Summary of felt earthquakes in Yellowstone National Park, 1992-1994, University of Utah Seismograph Stations, Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, 62p.

Norton, D.R. and Friedman, I., 1985, Chloride flux out of Yellowstone National Park: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 26, p. 231-250.  

Norton, D.R. and Friedman, I., 1991, Chloride flux and surface water discharge out of Yellowstone National Park, 1982-1989: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1959, 42 pp.

Norton, D.R., Friedman, I., Mohrman, J., and Hutchinson, R.A., 1989, Monitoring of thermal activity in the northern part of Yellowstone National Park and vicinity; Part 1, February 1985 - June 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-0211, 35 pp.

Oliver, H.W. and Christiansen, R.L., 1998, Locations, descriptions, densities, and magnetic susceptibilities of rock samples collected for analyses of gravity and aeromagnetic anomalies in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-247, 16 p.

Otis, R.M., Smith, R.B., and Wold, R.J., 1977, Geophysical surveys of Yellowstone Lake, Wyoming: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 82, p. 3705-3718.

Palmer, M.R. and Sturchio, N.C., 1990, The boron isotope systematics of the Yellowstone National Park (Wyoming) hydrothermal system; a reconnaissance: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 54, p. 2811-2815.

Pelton, J.R. and Smith, R.B., 1979, Recent crustal uplift in Yellowstone National Park: Science, v. 206, p. 1179-1182.

Pelton, J.R. and Smith, R.B., 1982, Contemporary vertical surface displacements in Yellowstone National Park: Journal of Geophysical Research v. 87, p. 2745-2761.

Peyton, S.L. and Smith, R.B., 1990, Earthquake catalog for the Yellowstone National Park region: January 1, 1989 through December 31, 1989, with a contribution by R. A. Hutchinson, Summary of felt earthquakes in Yellowstone National Park, 1989, University of Utah Seismograph Stations, Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, 33p.

Pierce, K.L., Cannon, K.P., Meyer, G.A., Trebesch, M.J., and Watts, R., 2002, Post-glacial inflation-deflation cycles, tilting and faulting in the Yellowstone caldera based on Yellowstone Lake shorelines: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-0142, 61 p.

Pierce, K.L. and Morgan, L.A., 1992, The track of the Yellowstone hot spot: Volcanism, faulting, and uplift, in Link, P.K., Kuntz, M.A., and Platt, L.B., eds., Regional geology of eastern Idaho and western Wyoming: Geological Society of America Bulletin,  p. 1-53.

Pierce, K.L., Morgan, L.A., and Saltus, R.W., 2000, Yellowstone plume head: Postulated relations to the Vancouver slab, continental boundaries, and climate: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-498, 39 pgs.

Pitt, A.M., Weaver, C.S., and Spence, W., 1979, The Yellowstone Park earthquake of June 30, 1975: Seismological Society of America Bulletin, v. 69, p. 187-205.

Pitt, A.M. and Hutchinson, R.A., 1982,  Hydrothermal changes related to earthquake activity at Mud Volcano, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 87, p. 2762-2766.

Puskas C. M., R. B. Smith, 2009, Intraplate deformation and microplate tectonics of the Yellowstone hotspot and surrounding western U.S. interior, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B04410, doi:10.1029/2008JB005940 (see http://www.uusatrg.utah.edu/ for more information and a pdf).

Puskas, C.M. Smith, R.B., Meertens, C.M., and Chang, W.L., 2007,  Crustal deformation of the Yellowstone-Snake River Plain volcano-tectonic system: Campaign and continuous GPS observations, 1987-2004: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 112, doi:10.1029/2006JB004325.

Remsen, C.C., Klump, J.V., Kaster, J.L., Paddock, R., Anderson, P. and Maki, J.S., 1990, Hydrothermal springs and gas fumaroles in Yellowstone Lake, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: National Geographic Research, v. 6, p. 509-515.

Rojstaczer, S., Galloway, D.L., Ingebritsen, S.E., and Rubin, D.M., 2003, Variability in geyser eruptive timing and its causes: Yellowstone National Park: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 30, no. 18, 1953, doi:10.1029/2003GL017853. (Geyser-frequency data from Upper Geyser Basin in PDF format or in Microsoft Excel format for supporting data) 

Rowe, J.J., Fournier, R.O., and Morey, G.W., 1973, Chemical analysis of thermal waters in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, 1960-1965: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1303, 31 p.

Rye, R.O. and Truesdell, A.H., 1993, The question of recharge to the geysers and hot springs of Yellowstone National Park: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-384, 40 p.

Sbar, M., M., Baranzangi, J. Dorman, C. Scholz, and R. B. Smith, 1971, Tectonics of the Intermountain Seismic Belt, Western United States: Microearthquake seismicity and composite fault plane solutions, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 83, 13-28.

Schilly, M.M., Smith, R.B., Ansorge, J., Lehman, J.H., and Braile, L.W., 1982, The Yellowstone-eastern Snake River Plain seismic profiling experiment: Upper-crustal structure: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 84, p. 2692-2704.

Schlundt, H. and Moore, R.B., 1909, Radioactivity of the thermal waters of Yellowstone National Park: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 395, 35 p.

Shean, D., 2006, Norris Geyser Basin's Dynamic Hydrothermal Features: Yellowstone Science, v.14, no. 4, p.24-28.

Shelly, D. R., D. P. Hill, F. Massin, J. Farrell, R. B. Smith, and T. Taira (2013), A fluid-driven earthquake swarm on the margin of the Yellowstone caldera, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118, 4872-4886, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50362.

Smith, R.B., 1977, Preface to the Yellowstone Symposium: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 82, p. 3663.

Smith, R.B., 1978, Seismicity, crustal structure, and intraplate tectonics of the Western Cordillera, in Cenozoic Tectonics and Regional Geophysics of the Western Cordillera, editors, R. B. Smith and G. P. Eaton, Memoir 152: Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, p. 111-144.

Smith, R.B., 1982a, Crustal structure and evolution of an explosive silicic volcanic system at Yellowstone National Park, Special preprint for Enrico Fermi International School of Physics Students, Varenna, Italy, 35 p.

Smith, R.B., 1982b, Introduction to Special Symposium Volume, Yellowstone- Snake River Plain: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 84, p. 2581.

Smith, R.B., 1990, Report On: Processing and analysis for the Yellowstone seismograph network: Report to U.S. Geological Survey Review of Regional Networks, Washington, D.C., August, 19 p.

Smith, R.B., 2000, Windows Into Yellowstone: An interview with geologist and geophysicist Robert B. Smith: Yellowstone Science, v. 8, no. 4, p. 1-13

Smith, R.B. and Arabasz, W.J., 1991, Seismicity of the Intermountain Seismic Belt, in Neotectonics of North America, D. B. Slemmons, E. R. Engdahl, M. L. Zoback and D. D. Blackwell (editors), Geological Society of America, SMV V-1, Decade Map v. 1, p. 185- 228.

Smith, R.B. and Braile, L.W., 1982, Crustal structure and evolution of an explosive silicic volcanic system at Yellowstone National Park, Thirty- Third Annual Field Conference - 1982 Wyoming Geological Association Guidebook, p. 233-250.

Smith, R.B. and Braile, L.W., 1984, Crustal structure and evolution of an explosive silicic volcanic system at Yellowstone National Park; in Studies In Geophysics; Explosive Volcanism: Inception, Evolution, and Hazards, National Academy Press, p. 96-111.

Smith, R.B. and Braile, L.W., 1993, Topographic signature, space-time evolution, and physical properties of the Yellowstone-Snake River Plain volcanic system: the Yellowstone hotspot, in A.W. Snoke, J. Steidtmann, and S.M. Roberts, eds, "Geology of Wyoming": Geological Survey of Wyoming Memoir no. 5, p. 694-754.

Smith, R.B. and Braile, L.W., 1994, The Yellowstone Hotspot: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 61, p. 121-88.

Smith, R.B., Braile, L.W., Schilly, M.M., Ansorge, J., Prodehl, C., Baker, M., Healey, J.H., Mueller, S., and Greensfelder, R., 1982, The Yellowstone-eastern Snake River Plain seismic profiling experiment: Crustal structure of Yellowstone: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 84, p. 2583-2596.

Smith, R.B. and Christiansen, R.L., 1980, Yellowstone Park as a window on the Earth's interior: Scientific American. v. 242, p. 104-17.

Smith, R.B., Eaton, G.P., and Mabey, D.R., 1976, Regional geophysics and tectonics of the Intermountain West, Penrose Conference Report: Geology, p. 437-438.

Smith, R.B., M. Jordan, B. Steinberger, C. Puskas, J. Farrell, G.P. Waite, S. Husen, W. Chang and R. O'Connell, 2009, Geodynamics of the Yellowstone hotspot and mantle plume: Seismic and GPS imaging, kinematics, and mantle flow, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 188, 26-56 (see http://www.uusatrg.utah.edu/ for more information and a pdf).

Smith, R.B. and Lindh, A., 1978, A compilation of fault plane solutions of the Western United States, (in) Cenozoic Tectonics and Regional Geophysics of the Western Cordillera, editors, R. B. Smith and G. P. Eaton, Memoir 152: Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, p. 107-110.

Smith, R.B., Reilinger, R.E., Meertens, C.M., Hollis, J.R., Holdahl, S.R., Dzurisin, D.W., Gross, K., and Klingele, E.E., 1989, What's moving at Yellowstone! The 1987 Crustal deformation survey from GPS, leveling, precision gravity and trilateration: Eos, American Geophysical Union, v. 70, p. 113-125.

Smith, R.B. and Sbar, M., 1974, Contemporary tectonics and seismicity of the Western United States with emphasis on the Intermountain Seismic Belt: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 85, p. 1205-1218.

Smith, R.B., Shuey, R.T., Freidline, R., Otis, R., and Alley, L., 1974, Yellowstone Hot Spot: New magnetic and seismic evidence: Geology, v. 2, p. 451-455. 

Smith, R.B., Shuey, R.T., Pelton, J.R., and Bailey, J.P., 1977, Yellowstone Hot Spot, crustal properties from new earthquake and magnetic data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 82, p. 3665-3676.

Stauffer, R.E. and Thompson, J.M., 1978, Phosphorus in hydrothermal waters of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey, v. 6, p. 755-763.

Sturchio, N.C., Bohlke, J.K., and Binz, C.M., 1989, Radium-thorium disequilibrium and zeolite-water ion exchange in a Yellowstone hydrothermal environment: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 53, p. 1025-1034.

Sturchio, N.C., Keith, T.E.C., and Muehlenbachs, K., 1988, The dynamics of silica deposition in fractures; oxygen isotope ratios in hydrothermal silica from Yellowstone drill core Y-13: Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council, v. 12, p. 305-312.

Sturchio, N.C., Keith, T.E.C., and Muehlenbachs, K., 1990, Oxygen and carbon isotope ratios of hydrothermal minerals from Yellowstone drill cores: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 40, p. 23-37.

Sturchio, N.C., Keith, T.E.C., and Muehlenbachs, K., 1992, Erratum; Oxygen and carbon isotope ratios of hydrothermal minerals from Yellowstone: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 49, p. 392. 

Sturchio, N.C., Muehlenbachs, K., and Seitz, M.G., 1986, Element redistribution during hydrothermal alteration of rhyolite in an active geothermal system; Yellowstone drill cores Y-7 and Y-8: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 50, p. 1619-1631.

Sturchio, N.C. and Seitz, M.G., 1985, Behavior of nuclear waste elements during hydrothermal alteration of glassy rhyolite in an active geothermal system; Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings, v. 44, p. 557-564.

Sturchio, N.C., Pierce, K.L., Murrell, M.T., and Sorey, M.L., 1994, Uranium-Series ages of travertines and timing of the last glaciation in the northern Yellowstone area, Wyoming-Montana: Quaternary Research, v. 41, p. 265-267.

Taira, T., R. B. Smith and W. L. Chang, 2010, Seismic evidence for dilatational deformation accompanying the 2004-2008 Yellowstone accelerated uplift episode, J. Geophys. Res., 115, B02301, doi:10.1029/2008JB006281.

Thompson, J.M. and DeMonge, J.M., 1996, Chemical analyses of hot springs, pools, and geysers from Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, and vicinity, 1980-1993: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-0068, 66 pp.

Thompson, J.M., and Hutchinson, R.A., 1981, Chemical analyses of waters from the Boundary Creek thermal area, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 81-1310, 15 p.

Thompson, J.M., Presser, T.S., Barnes, R.B., and Bird, D.B., 1975, Chemical analyses of the waters of the Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, from 1965 to 1973: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 75-25, 53 p.

Trimble, A.B. and Smith, R.B., 1975, Seismicity and contemporary tectonics of the Hebgen Lake-Yellowstone Park region:  Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 80, no. 5, p. 733-741.

Truesdell, A.H. and Fournier, R.O., 1976, Conditions in the deeper parts of the hot spring systems of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 76-428, 29 p.

Vasco, D.W., Puskas, C.M., Smith, R.B.,and Meertens, C.M., 2007, Crustal deformation and source models of the Yellowstone volcanic field from geodetic data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 112, p. B07402

Vaughan, R.G., Kestay, L.P., Lowenstern, J.B., , Jaworowski, C., Heasler, H.P., 2012, Use of ASTER and MODIS thermal infrared data to quantify heat flow and hydrothermal change at Yellowstone National Park: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 233-234, p. 72-89.

Vasco, D.W., Smith, R., and Taylor, C., 1990, Inversion of Yellowstone vertical displacements and gravity changes, 1923 to 1975-1977 to 1986: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, p. 19839-19856.

Waite, G.P., Schutt, D.L., and Smith,  R.B., 2005, Models of lithosphere and asthenosphere anisotropic structure of the Yellowstone hot spot from shear wave splitting: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 110, B11304, doi:10.1029/2004JB003501.

Waite, G.R. and Smith, R.B., 2002, Seismic evidence for fluid migration accompanying subsidence of the Yellowstone Caldera: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 107, no. B9, p. 2177, 10.1029/2001JB000586.

Waite, G.P. and Smith, R.B., 2004, Seismotectonics and stress field of the Yellowstone volcanic plateau from earthquake first-motions and other indicators: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 109, B02301, doi:10.1029/2003JB002675.

Waite, G.P., Smith, R.B., and Allen, R.M., 2006, Vp and Vs structure of the Yellowstone hot spot from teleseismic tomography: Evidence for an upper mantle plume, v. 111, B04303, doi: 1029/2005JB0003867

Weed, W.H., 1889, Formation of travertine and siliceous sinter by the vegetation of hot springs, in Powell, J.W., Director, Ninth Annual Report of the United States Geological Survey to the Secretary of the Interior, 1887-88: U.S. Geological Survey, p. 613-676. [Includes descriptions of Mammoth Hot Springs and other thermal features of Yellowstone National Park.]

Werner, C. and Brantley, S., 2003, CO2 emissions from the Yellowstone volcanic system: Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, v. 4, no. 7, p. 1061. doi: 10.1029/2002GC000473.

Werner, C., Brantley, S., and Boomer, K., 2000, CO2 emissions related to the Yellowstone volcanic system. II- Statistical sampling, total degassing and transport mechanisms: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 105, no. B5, pp. 10,831-10,846.

White, D,E., 1991, Whistle, a nearly dormant geyser in Upper Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming; the first geyser to be studied by research drilling: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1967, 13 p.

White, D.E., Fournier, R.O., Muffler, L.J.P., and Trusdell, A.H., 1975, Physical results of research drilling in thermal areas of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 892, 70 p.

White, D.E., Heropoulos, C., and Fournier, R.O., 1992, Gold and other minor elements associated with the hot springs and geysers of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, supplemented with data from Steamboat Springs, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2001, 19 p.

White, D.E., Hutchinson, R.A., and Keith, T.E.C., 1988, The geology and remarkable thermal activity of Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1456, 84 p.  GIS files of the map from this professional paper are available at here.

White, B.J.P., R.B. Smith, S. Husen, J. Farrell and I. Wong, 2009, Seismicity and earthquake hazard analysis of the Teton-Yellowstone region, Wyoming, , J. Vol. Geotherm. Res, 188, 277-296 (see http://www.uusatrg.utah.edu/ for more information and a pdf).

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