... The Cascade mountains constitute that range which lies nearest the coast, and which is called the Cascade, or President's range. The course of this range is nearly parallel with the coast; its average distance from which, is from one to two hundred miles; and it is surpassed in altitude only by the Rocky mountains. It has twelve lofty peaks, several of which are from twelve to eighteen thousand feet above the level of the sea, rising in perfect cones, and covered perpetually with snow. Five of these have received the names of the former deceased presidents of the United States. These names were given them, by a Mr. Kelley, a traveler from the United States, several years ago, and they have ever since retained them; hence it is that this range is now called the Presidents' range. The other seven of these extraordinary conical peaks, have received their names from various English travelers and navigators. But five of this seven, have latterly, received the names of five other presidents of the United States. These names, I will also adopt, as I much prefer our own names, for our own property. The remaining two of these singular elevations, are called
mount Fareweather, and
mount St. Elias,
both of which, are situated north of the northern boundary of Oregon. Now having our own names for each of these, which are within our own territory, I will proceed to give a brief description of them, in their proper order.
Mount Washington is situated near latitude 44? north, about seven leagues south of the cascades; it is conical in form, rising about eighteen thousand feet above the level of the sea, and covered with perpetual snow, at least 12 thousand feet from its top downwards.
Mount Adams is near the parallel of 45? north latitude, about eight leagues north from the cascades. About five hundred feet of its surface from its top, are covered with snow perpetually.
[Mount St. Helens]
Mount Jefferson is a vast and lofty peak, situated near latitude 42? north; it is also covered perpetually with snow, several thousand feet downward, from its top, and is seen from almost any part of the southern country.
Mount Madison is near latitude 46? north; it is a vast massive peak, covered with snow to a very great depth.
[Kelley's map has "Mount Madison" located in the Three Sisters area]
Mount Monroe is also a vastly elevated peak, extending far into the snowy region; it lies near latitude 43? and 30' north, and is seen at a great distance.
[Kelley's map has "Mount Monroe" in the Mount Thielsen or Mount Scott area]
Mount John Q. Adams, situated at latitude 42?? and 10' north, is also a vast peak, towering high above the snow line.
Mount Jackson is among the most elevated peaks, and is surpassed only by mount Washington; it is situated near the forty second degree of north latitude.
Mount Van Buren is a very high peak, situated on the isthmus, between the Pacific and Puget's sound.
Mount Harrison is also a very lofty peak, terminating in regions of perpetual snow; it lies about forty miles west [east] from Puget's sound.
Mount Tyler, being vasatly elevated and covered with snow, is seen at a very great distance; it lies about eighty miles north from mount Harrison.
All these are most extraordinary conical formations; some of which are seen from every part of the country. Here, wherever you are, you behold these ancient pyramids of eternal ice and snow, fearlessly rearing their majestic heads, high in the ethereal regions, amid the howling tempest, the flashing lightnings, and the roaring thunders above; presenting their eternal battlements, in bold defiance of the foaming billows, the raging floods, and the quaking and volcanic earth below. Enduring monuments of time! All this range of mountains, is much less sterile than those before described. It has numerous elevated plains and valleys, and extensive depressions, all of which, abound with vegetation of various kinds; lofty trees of fir, pine, cedar and oak, of ost extraordinary growth.