Volcano Update from Archive



AVO/USGS Volcanic Activity Notice

Volcano: Okmok (CAVW #1101-29-)

Current Volcano Alert Level: NORMAL
Previous Volcano Alert Level: NONE

Current Aviation Color Code: GREEN
Previous Aviation Color Code: NONE

Issued: Wednesday, November 19, 2008, 9:54 AM AKST (20081119/1854Z)
Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
Notice Number: 2008/A33
Location: N 53 deg 23 min W 168 deg 9 min
Elevation: 3520 ft (1073 m)
Area: Aleutians Alaska

Volcanic Activity Summary: Over the past month, seismic activity at Okmok volcano has continued to decrease and is now at or very near pre-eruption levels. The last confirmed ash emission at Okmok occurred on August 19. The likelihood of a resumption of eruptive activity at Okmok has greatly diminished, therefore, we are reducing the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and Volcanic Alert Level to NORMAL for Okmok.

Remarks: Okmok volcano was in vigorous eruption from July 12 through mid-August, 2008. Energetic, intermittent ash emission from several vents within the caldera blanketed much of the northeast portion of Umnak Island with ash and dusted Unalaska/Dutch Harbor with fine ash on several occasions. Rain-induced remobilization of debris from high on the volcano's flanks produced lahars down many drainages, forming new deltas at the coastline. A new, 200-300 m-high (660-980 ft) tephra cone developed inside the caldera at the primary eruption site. Since late August, seismicity at Okmok has generally declined. Occasional thermal anomalies visible in satellite images likely reflect the still-warm vent area, fumaroles, and/or lake within the caldera.

Okmok volcano is a 6-mile-wide caldera that occupies most of the eastern end of Umnak Island, located 75 miles southwest of Unalaska/Dutch Harbor in the eastern Aleutian Islands. Okmok has had several eruptions in historic time typically consisting of ash emissions occasionally to over 30,000 feet ASL but generally much lower; lava flows crossed the caldera floor in 1945 and 1958. Prior to 2008, the volcano last erupted in February 1997 producing lava flows and intermittent ash emissions over the course of several months.

The nearest settlement is Nikolski, population about 35, roughly 45 miles west of the volcano. A ranch caretaker family lives at Fort Glenn on the flank of the volcano about 6 miles east of the caldera rim.

Contacts: Peter Cervelli, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
pcervelli@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
west@gi.alaska.edu (907) 474-6977

Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at http://www.avo.alaska.edu

The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued:(20081119/1854Z)
(3) Volcano:Okmok (CAVW# 1101-29-)
(4) Current Color Code:GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source:Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:2008/A33
(8) Volcano Location:N 53 deg 23 min W 168 deg 9 min
(9) Area:Aleutians Alaska
(10) Summit Elevation:3520 ft (1073 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary:Over the past month, seismic activity at Okmok volcano has continued to decrease and is now at or very near pre-eruption levels. The last confirmed ash emission at Okmok occurred on August 19. The likelihood of a resumption of eruptive activity at Okmok has greatly diminished, therefore, we are reducing the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and Volcanic Alert Level to NORMAL for Okmok.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:Unknown
(14) Remarks:Okmok volcano was in vigorous eruption from July 12 through mid-August, 2008. Energetic, intermittent ash emission from several vents within the caldera blanketed much of the northeast portion of Umnak Island with ash and dusted Unalaska/Dutch Harbor with fine ash on several occasions. Rain-induced remobilization of debris from high on the volcano's flanks produced lahars down many drainages, forming new deltas at the coastline. A new, 200-300 m-high (660-980 ft) tephra cone developed inside the caldera at the primary eruption site. Since late August, seismicity at Okmok has generally declined. Occasional thermal anomalies visible in satellite images likely reflect the still-warm vent area, fumaroles, and/or lake within the caldera.

Okmok volcano is a 6-mile-wide caldera that occupies most of the eastern end of Umnak Island, located 75 miles southwest of Unalaska/Dutch Harbor in the eastern Aleutian Islands. Okmok has had several eruptions in historic time typically consisting of ash emissions occasionally to over 30,000 feet ASL but generally much lower; lava flows crossed the caldera floor in 1945 and 1958. Prior to 2008, the volcano last erupted in February 1997 producing lava flows and intermittent ash emissions over the course of several months.

The nearest settlement is Nikolski, population about 35, roughly 45 miles west of the volcano. A ranch caretaker family lives at Fort Glenn on the flank of the volcano about 6 miles east of the caldera rim.
(15) Contacts:Peter Cervelli, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
pcervelli@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
west@gi.alaska.edu (907) 474-6977
(16) Next Notice:A new VONA will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VONA is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at http://www.avo.alaska.edu