USGS Volcano Hazards Program Volcano Update

YVO update page and observatory web site

Since late summer 2013, the Yellowstone GPS network has tracked a small ground deformation episode in north-central Yellowstone National Park. During the past five months, the NRWY GPS station has recorded about 3.5 cm (1.4 in) of uplift and about 1 cm (0.4 in) of southeastward ground movement, relative to a stable reference station north of the Park. Measurements from other GPS stations in northern Yellowstone show smaller displacements, forming a circular pattern of deformation consistent with a minor pressurization, about 6 to 10 km (4-6 miles) deep, near Norris Junction.

Similar patterns of ground deformation have occurred before in this part of Yellowstone. From 1996 through 2003 the Norris Geyser Basin rose about 12 cm, before beginning to subside in 2004. More information about this event is available at

Episodes of ground deformation, which occur commonly in Yellowstone and at other dormant volcanoes around the world, pose no direct volcanic hazards, nor do they imply that an eruption is pending. They do, however, create a scientific opportunity to better understand the geologic processes at work in Yellowstone and elsewhere. YVO and other scientists are pursuing this opportunity, and will continue to monitor the ground deformation closely.

UNAVCO, a YVO member agency, operates the Yellowstone GPS network.The Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO) provides long-term monitoring of volcanic and earthquake activity in the Yellowstone National Park region. Yellowstone is the site of the largest and most diverse collection of natural thermal features in the world and the first National Park. YVO is one of the five USGS Volcano Observatories that monitor volcanoes within the United States for science and public safety.

YVO Member agencies: USGS, Yellowstone National Park, University of Utah, University of Wyoming, UNAVCO, Inc., Wyoming State Geological Survey, Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Idaho Geological Survey

Update in Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) format