- Volcanic History Overview: Esmeralda Bank is a massive submarine volcano with three summit cones oriented along a N-S line. Their summits are from 43 to 140 m beneath the sea surface. The highest, middle peak contains a 3-km-wide caldera open to the west and several parasitic cones. Frequent sulfur boils and water discoloration have been observed, which have variously been attributed to eruptive events or solfataric activity. From the Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program.
- Location: Mariana Islands, Mariana Islands
Elevation: -43 m
Recent Eruption: Unknown. Frequent sulfur boils and water discoloration have been observed, which have variously been attributed to eruptive events or solfataric activity.
- Hazard Assessments: Sako, M. K.; Trusdell, F. A.; Koyanagi, R. Y.; Kojima, George; Moore, R. B., 1995, Volcanic investigations in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, April to May 1994, USGS Open-File Report 94-705.
- Link to monitoring data: NMI Web Site
Volcanic Alert Level: UNASSIGNED Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED