- Current Update, last updated Nov 8, 2014 15:50 :
There were no significant changes during the month of October 2014.
No earthquakes due to volcanic processes were located beneath Haleakalā Volcano.
The single continuous GPS receiver atop Haleakalā did not record any significant deformation during October 2014. A GPS survey of Haleakalā volcano at the end of July showed no significant motion since the previous survey in 2008.
- Volcanic History Overview: The massive Haleakala shield volcano forms the eastern portion of the dumbbell-shaped island of Maui. The summit of 3055-m Haleakala contains a dramatic, 3.5 x 9.5 km summit crater that is widely breached on the north and SE sides. The "crater" is not of volcanic origin, but formed as a result of the coalescence of headward erosion of the Koolau and Kaupo valleys. Subsequently the crater has been partially filled by a chain of young cinder cones and lava flows erupted along a major rift zone that extends across the basaltic shield volcano from the SW to the east flanks. Another less prominent rift zone trends north from the summit. The most recent eruption of Haleakala was thought to have occurred between the exploring voyages of La Perouse in 1786 and Vancouver in 1793, but uncertainty surrounds the date of this event, which could have occurred in about 1750 AD (anthropological evidence) or several centuries earlier (radiocarbon dates).
- Location: Hawaii and Pacific Ocean, HI
Elevation: 3055 m
Recent Eruption: Perhaps about A.D. 1790, but newly obtained radiocarbon ages suggest the most recent eruption probably occurred earlier, sometime between A.D. 1480 and 1600.
- Hazard Assessments: Mullineaux, Donal Ray; Peterson, Donald W., 1974, Volcanic hazards on the Island of Hawaii, Open-File Report 74-239.
- Link to monitoring data: Recent Earthquakes in Hawaii Page
Volcanic Alert Level: NORMAL Aviation Color Code: GREEN