- Status: Mount Jefferson is monitored by the Cascade Volcano Observatory and is at a background level of activity.
- Volcanic History Overview: Mount Jefferson, Oregon's second highest peak, is a deeply eroded stratovolcano that has been inactive since the late Pleistocene. The glacier-clad landmark prominent from both sides of the Cascade Range was named by Lewis and Clark for the president that sponsored their expedition. Jefferson was constructed in two episodes interrupted by extensive glacial erosion. The first of these, beginning about 290,000 years ago, produced an andesitic-to-dacitic volcano possibly higher than the current summit. Dacitic lava domes were emplaced during the 2nd cycle beginning about 70,000 years ago that produced ash flows that traveled 15 km to the east and west. Several Holocene cinder cones near the Cascade crest south of Jefferson have produced lava flows that traveled down glacially carved valleys, including those from Forked Butte and North Cinder Peak. The most recent eruption, from a cinder cone on the flank of the South Cinder Peak cone, produced a lava flow that traveled west into Marion Lake about 1000 years ago.
- Location: Western US, OR
Elevation: 3199 m
Recent Eruption: The age of the most recent eruption of Mount Jefferson is poorly known, but probably occurred during the last ice age about 20,000 years ago.
- Hazard Assessments: Walder, et.al., 1999, Volcano Hazards in the Mount Jefferson Region, Oregon, USGS Open-File Report 99-24.
- Link to monitoring data:
Volcanic Alert Level: NORMAL Aviation Color Code: GREEN