Scientists at the base of a single hummock with internal rock layers and contacts exposed. This hummock represents a large block from the cone of Mount St. Helens that was deposited relatively intact despite traveling about 8 km and losing more than 1,000 m in elevation! The dark rocks on the left are lava flows that were erupted within the past 2,500 years and the light rocks on the right are parts of dacite lava domes that erupted 3,000-2,500 years ago. Note the irregular contact between the two units; the original contact was subhorizontal, indicating the block rotated as it slid to this location. These same rock layers are now exposed in the crater of Mount St. Helens.
Typically, two end-member types of deposits are used to describe the internal texture of landslide deposits:
More about the landslide deposit at Mount St. Helens
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